Mr Osmopriming and Hormonal Priming Combined Improve Germination and Seedling Growth of Rice Var. FARO44
Osmopriming and hormonal priming have been practiced by farmers to stimulate fast germination and seedling growth of many crop species. In this study, laboratory experiments were carried out to examine the effect of combined osmopriming with potassium nitrate and hormonal priming with salicylic acid to promote germination and seedling growth of FARO44 rice.
In the laboratory, FARO44 rice seeds soaked in 5 % KNO3+200 mM SA and 2.5% KNO3+350 mM SA were germinated in specimen bottles for two weeks. Each treatment was replicated five times. The results revealed that combined osmopriming and hormonal priming with 5% KNO3+200 mM SA and 2.5% KNO3+350 mM SA had significantly improved germination index and decreased mean germination time of FARO44 rice compared to control. However, germination percentage had not been improved considerably compared to control. However, there were no marked differences in GI and MGT between 5% KNO3+200 mM SA and 2.5% KNO3+350 mM SA osmoprimed and hormonal primed rice. Moreover, the results indicated that combined osmo-hormonal priming with 5% KNO3+200 mM SA and 2.5% KNO3+350 mM SA had increased seedling growth, seedling vigour and biomass of FARO44 rice seedlings. However, plumule length of FARO44 rice seedlings was not affected by these processes compared to control.