Economic Dualism and The Third World

  • Mustapha Ali Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu
  • Shagari Barde Kukuri Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State
  • Babagana Kachalla 2. Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State
Keywords: Dualism, Exploitation, Poverty, Inequality, Development


This paper attempts to evaluate the mutual contradiction inherent in human societies. Inevitably, poverty and opulence tend to co-exist within same space and time at all levels of social strata. This phenomenon is often reinforced by the upper hierarchy within societies. We also attempt to seek for paradigms that could reverse the status quo. Economic dualism entails the mutual and often antagonistic coexistence of two or more exclusive entities of economic processes in a given space. It could take the form of wealthy, industrialized nations coexisting with weak, agrarian economies of the Third World countries, or rich and affluent individuals coexisting side by side with poor, malnourished masses of people. The paradigm argued that the different set of conditions of ‘superiority’ and ‘inferiority’ is a deliberate one. This co-existence is lopsided and not merely transitional.