Characterisation and Thermochemical Energy Recovery Potential from Municipal Solid Waste in Gashua, Bade L.G.A. Of Yobe State, Nigeria

  • MOHAMMED AUDU Department of SLT, MIAPOLY Geidam
  • Ahmad Tijjani halliru
  • Musa Saeed Musa School of Sciences, Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic P.M.B. 1020 Geidam, Yobe State, Nigeria.
Keywords: Municipal Solid Waste; Solid Waste Management; Proximate analysis; Ultimate analysis; Calorific value; Waste to Energy.


Articles on Characterisation and Energy Content inherent in the MSW and other related properties required
for electricity generation were reviewed and energy potential of Gashua town municipal solid waste for
electricity generation was determined based on solid waste incineration. Composition analysis of the solid
waste samples from the dumpsite was carried out based on ASTM D5231-92 standard. The calorific value
for the MSW in Gashua was estimated and it was found that the waste has a lower heating value of
1,597.81kJ/kg which indicates the feasibility of WTE plan such as incineration to electricity production.
The electricity generation potential from MSW dumpsite show potential of 1899795.35kWh/day based on
solid waste incineration. The average electricity generation per tonne of MSW is about 546.36 kWh/tonne.
it can be concluded that: i. the annual quantity of MSW generation in Gashua was determined, ii. there is
potential for generating electricity by incineration of MSW from the dumpsite, iii. electricity generation
from MSW based on solid waste incineration would reduce total solid waste disposal, iv. there is economic
viability of generating electricity from incineration of MSW from the dumpsite at affordable tariff rate.
Furthermore, it is recommended that: i. this study helped in determining the potential for reduction in the
total amount of MSW send to landfill, the emission of methane, and GHGs from MSW disposal site in
Gashua. ii. If a WTE scheme is implemented in Gashua in accordance with the findings in this study, will
promote the development of technologist to utilize MSW as energy source in the state in general.